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Basic Facts

Help File
Official Country Name: Israel
Capital: Jerusalem
Population: ~6-7M
Telephone Code: +972
Time Zone: +2
Area:
total: 20,770 sq km
land: 20,330 sq km
water: 440 sq km
Land boundaries: 1,017 km
Language(s): Hebrew and Arabic are official languages, but everybody speaks English
Ethnic Groups: Jewish, Muslim, Christian
Highest Mountain: Mt. Hermon
President/Head of State: Moshe Katzav
Government: Democracy
Currency: NIS (New Israeli Shekel)
Exchange Rate: US$1=4.6 NIS
Health Risks: none
Electricity: 220Volt
Weights & Measures: Metric
Country Name in other languages:


Location:
Middle East, bordering the Mediterranean Sea, between
Egypt and Lebanon
Geographic coordinates:
31 30 N, 34 45 E
Map references:
Middle East
Area:
total: 20,770 sq km
land: 20,330 sq km
water: 440 sq km
Area - comparative:
slightly smaller than New Jersey
Land boundaries:
total: 1,017 km
border countries: Egypt 266 km, Gaza Strip 51 km, Jordan
238 km, Lebanon 79 km, Syria 76 km, West Bank 307 km
Coastline:
273 km
Maritime claims:
territorial sea: 12 nm
continental shelf: to depth of exploitation
Climate:
temperate; hot and dry in southern and eastern desert
areas
Terrain:
Negev desert in the south; low coastal plain; central
mountains; Jordan Rift Valley
Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Dead Sea -408 m
highest point: Har Meron 1,208 m
Natural resources:
timber, potash, copper ore, natural gas, phosphate rock,
magnesium bromide, clays, sand
Land use:
arable land: 16.39%
permanent crops: 4.17%
other: 79.44% (2001)
Irrigated land:
1,990 sq km (1998 est.)
Natural hazards:
sandstorms may occur during spring and summer; droughts;
periodic earthquakes
Environment - current issues:
limited arable land and natural fresh water resources pose
serious constraints; desertification; air pollution
from industrial and vehicle emissions; groundwater
pollution from industrial and domestic waste, chemical
fertilizers, and pesticides
Environment - international agreements:
party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Desertification,
Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Ozone Layer
Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlands
signed, but not ratified: Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol,
Marine Life Conservation
Geography - note:
there are 242 Israeli settlements and civilian land use
sites in the West Bank, 42 in the Israeli-occupied
Golan Heights, 25 in the Gaza Strip, and 29 in East
Jerusalem (February 2002 est.); Sea of Galilee is an
important freshwater source

People

Population:
6,199,008
note: includes about 187,000 Israeli settlers in the West
Bank, about 20,000 in the Israeli-occupied Golan
Heights, more than 5,000 in the Gaza Strip, and fewer
than 177,000 in East Jerusalem (July 2004 est.)
Age structure:
0-14 years: 26.7% (male 847,591; female 808,399)
15-64 years: 63.4% (male 1,976,539; female 1,954,782)
65 years and over: 9.9% (male 262,781; female 348,916)
(2004 est.)
Median age:
total: 29.2 years
male: 28.3 years
female: 30 years (2004 est.)
Population growth rate:
1.29% (2004 est.)
Birth rate:
18.45 births/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Death rate:
6.19 deaths/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Net migration rate:
0.68 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2004 est.)
Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1.01 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.75 male(s)/female
total population: 0.99 male(s)/female (2004 est.)
Infant mortality rate:
total: 7.21 deaths/1,000 live births
male: 7.96 deaths/1,000 live births
female: 6.42 deaths/1,000 live births (2004 est.)
Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 79.17 years
male: 77.08 years
female: 81.37 years (2004 est.)
Total fertility rate:
2.47 children born/woman (2004 est.)
HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:
0.1% (2001 est.)
HIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:
2,400 (1999 est.)
HIV/AIDS - deaths:
100 (2001 est.)
Nationality:
noun: Israeli(s)
adjective: Israeli
Ethnic groups:
Jewish 80.1% (Europe/America-born 32.1%, Israel-born
20.8%, Africa-born 14.6%, Asia-born 12.6%), non-Jewish
19.9% (mostly Arab) (1996 est.)
Religions:
Jewish 80.1%, Muslim 14.6% (mostly Sunni Muslim),
Christian 2.1%, other 3.2% (1996 est.)
Languages:
Hebrew (official), Arabic used officially for Arab
minority, English most commonly used foreign language
Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.4%
male: 97.3%
female: 93.6% (2003 est.)

Governmenr

Country name:
conventional long form: State of Israel
conventional short form: Israel
local long form: Medinat Yisra'el
local short form: Yisra'el
Government type:
parliamentary democracy
Capital:
Jerusalem; note - Israel proclaimed Jerusalem as its
capital in 1950, but the US, like nearly all other
countries, maintains its Embassy in Tel Aviv
Administrative divisions:
6 districts (mehozot, singular - mehoz); Central, Haifa,
Jerusalem, Northern, Southern, Tel Aviv
Independence:
14 May 1948 (from League of Nations mandate under British
administration)
National holiday:
Independence Day, 14 May (1948); note - Israel declared
independence on 14 May 1948, but the Jewish calendar
is lunar and the holiday may occur in April or May
Constitution:
no formal constitution; some of the functions of a
constitution are filled by the Declaration of
Establishment (1948), the Basic Laws of the parliament
(Knesset), and the Israeli citizenship law
Legal system:
mixture of English common law, British Mandate
regulations, and, in personal matters, Jewish,
Christian, and Muslim legal systems; in December 1985,
Israel informed the UN Secretariat that it would no
longer accept compulsory ICJ jurisdiction
Suffrage:
18 years of age; universal
Executive branch:
chief of state: President Moshe KATSAV (since 31 July
2000)
head of government: Prime Minister Ariel SHARON (since 7
March 2001)
cabinet: Cabinet selected by prime minister and approved
by the Knesset
elections: president is largely a ceremonial role and is
elected by the Knesset for a seven-year term; election
last held 31 July 2000 (next to be held NA 2007);
following legislative elections, the president assigns
a Knesset member - traditionally the leader of the
largest party - the task of forming a governing
coalition; election last held 28 January 2003 (next to
be held fall of 2007)
election results: Moshe KATSAV elected president by the
120-member Knesset with a total of 60 votes, other
candidate, Shimon PERES, received 57 votes (there were
three abstentions); Ariel SHARON continues as prime
minister after Likud Party victory in January 2003
Knesset elections; Likud won 38 seats and then formed
coalition government with Shinui, the National
Religious Party, and the National Union
Legislative branch:
unicameral Knesset or parliament (120 seats; members
elected by popular vote to serve four-year terms)
elections: last held 28 January 2003 (next to be held fall
of 2007)
election results: percent of vote by party - Likud Party
29.4%, Labor 14.5%, Shinui 12.3%, Shas 8.2%, National
Union 5.5%, Meretz 5.2%, United Torah Judaism 4.3%,
National Religious Party 4.2%, Democratic Front for
Peace and Equality 3.0%, One Nation 2.8%, National
Democratic Assembly 2.3%, Yisra'el Ba'Aliya (YBA)
2.2%, United Arab List 2.1%, Green Leaf Party 1.2%,
Herut 1.2%, other 1.6%; seats by party - Likud 38,
Labor 19, Shinui 15, Shas 11, National Union 7, Meretz
6, National Religious Party 6, United Torah Judaism 5,
Democratic Front for Peace and Equality 3, One Nation
3, National Democratic Assembly 3, YBA 2, United Arab
List 2
Judicial branch:
Supreme Court (justices appointed for life by the
president)
Political parties and leaders:
Democratic Front for Peace and Equality (Hadash) [Muhammad
BARAKA]; Green Leaf Party (no longer active) [Boaz
WACHTEL and Shlomi SANDAK]; Herut (no longer active)
[Michael KLEINER]; Labor Party [Shimon PEREZ]; Likud
Party [Ariel SHARON]; Meretz (merged with YAHAD)
[Zahava GALON]; National Democratic Assembly (Balad) [Azmi
BISHARA]; National Religious Party [Efie EITAM];
National Union (Haichud Haleumi) [Avigdor LIBERMAN]
(includes Tekuma Moledet and Yisra'el Beiteinu); One
Nation [Amir PERETZ]; Shas [Eliyahu YISHAI]; Shinui
[Tommy LAPID]; United Arab List [Abd al-Malik
DAHAMSHAH]; United Torah Judaism [Yaakov LITZMAN];
YAHAD [Yossi BEILIN]; Yisra'el Ba'Aliya or YBA (merged
with Likud) [Natian SHARANSKY]
Political pressure groups and leaders:
Israeli nationalists advocating Jewish settlement on the
West Bank and Gaza Strip; Peace Now supports
territorial concessions in the West Bank and Gaza
Strip; Yesha (settler) Council promotes settler
interests and opposes territorial compromise; B'Tselem
monitors human rights abuses
International organization participation:
BIS, BSEC (observer), CE (observer), CERN (observer),
EBRD, FAO, IADB, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC, ICCt
(signatory), ICFTU, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS (observer), ILO,
IMF, IMO, Interpol, IOC, IOM, ISO, ITU, OAS
(observer), OPCW (signatory), OSCE (partner), PCA, UN,
UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNHCR, UNIDO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO,
WMO, WToO, WTrO
Diplomatic representation in the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel AYALON
chancery: 3514 International Drive NW, Washington, DC
20008
telephone: [1] (202) 364-5500
FAX: [1] (202) 364-5607
consulate(s) general: Atlanta, Boston, Chicago, Houston,
Los Angeles, Miami, New York, Philadelphia, and San
Francisco
Diplomatic representation from the US:
chief of mission: Ambassador Daniel C. KURTZER
embassy: 71 Hayarkon Street, Tel Aviv
mailing address: PSC 98, Box 29, APO AE 09830
telephone: [972] (3) 519-7369/7453/7454/7457/7458/7551/7575
FAX: [972] (3) 516-4390
consulate(s) general: Jerusalem; note - an independent US
mission, established in 1928, whose members are not
accredited to a foreign government
Flag description:
white with a blue hexagram (six-pointed linear star) known
as the Magen David (Shield of David) centered between
two equal horizontal blue bands near the top and
bottom edges of the flag




Edited bygilifon on 14.10.2004 ofir on 25.05.2004

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