Ghana is situated on the southern coast of West Africa . It is bordered by Togo on the east, Burkina Faso to the north, Cote d'Ivoire to the West and the Gulf of Guinea ( Atlantic Ocean ) to the south.|
The country covers an area of 239,460 square kilometers and is made up of 10 administrative regions, 230 districts, the latter forming the basic unit of administration and planning.
Ghana is endowed with rich natural resources and treasures. Over the years, tourist arrivals in Ghana from 1992 – 2002 increased from 213,316 to 482,643 with a corresponding increase in revenue from $ 519.57 million. With this, Tourism has proven its case as a serious income generating economic sector.
Ghana provides a habitat for distinctive wildlife. Several rains crisscross the country, proving life-giving water to fields as well as generating spectacular waterfalls. Many of those falls are found in the Volta , Brong Ahafo and Eastern regions. Southern Ghana although close to the equator, has a climate that is tempered for much of the year by cool breezes.
The tropical climate is characterized by variations in the amount and incidence of both rainfall and humidity in different parts of the country. Main annual temperature never falls below 25oC. There are four major ecological zones within Ghana , these are: the coastal strand and mangrove, coastal savannah, the close tropical forest and the northern savannah.
The coastline is a wonderful necklace of beaches, mangrove swamp, lagoons and palm garden. In the Keta lagoon basin, important wetlands are special breeding grounds for migratory birds, as are the wetlands in the eastern part of Accra , while the sandbanks of the Volta estuary are visited by rare hawksbill, leatherback and green turtles to lay their eggs.
The Volta Region has always lured adventurous ramblers and ecotourism. It borders Ghana 's most important river, the Volta , which has been dammed at Akosombo to create one of the world's largest lakes. The Kakum National Park is the showpiece of Ghana 's conservation. The natural rainforest in the Central Region is a traditional habitat for some 40 species of large mammals including forest elephant, rare plants, birds, and butterflies.
A canopy walkway provides an adventure and allows visitors a unique view of the forest.
Much of the north of Ghana is broad wooded savannah, home to many game animals. Mole National Park , the largest in the country (4840km)' is home to buck, duiker antelope, kob, hartebeest, leopard, lion, elephant, buffalo and many small primates.
The farther north you go the more the influence of the Sahel . The heat and sometimes arid landscape of the Upper East and Upper West have spawned a special flora and fauna that have adapted to the local conditions.
In Gbelle Game Reserve, 17km south of Tumu, herds of hippo wallow in the waters of the river, while elephant and roan antelope can be seen drinking at the waters' edge.
At Paga, crocodiles, protected by local tradition, can be observed. In acknowledging the above, it is not wrong to say that Ghana 's tourist and Cultural attractions are unique as compared to the appeal of most African countries.
Ghana presents you with its historic past and charms and its natural beauty. Participate in the spectacular festivals, and discover the friendliness' of our people. Revel in the music and dance and excite your taste buds with our delicious Ghanaian food.
Discover our beaches, our national parks, our bustling village markets, and are vibrant towns and cities. Discover why it is great in Ghana . The people of Ghana are known as the people of smiles. In our land of many people, with many different languages and ethnic groups, we are all drawn together, proud to be modern Ghanaians.
Ghanaians, irrespective of their ethnic origin, honour their chief s and royal families, and cherish their traditional rites and celebrations. These make Ghana a special place. Though Ghana 's Tourism industry has its challenges, there are well planned strategies on the board to help reshape its fortunes for a better future.
Determined to build upon its successes, tourism is expected to attract one million visitors whose presents will generate $ 1.5 billion for the country in 2007. The year (2007) will coincidentally be the celebration of Ghana 's 50 th independence anniversary and 200 years of the abolition of the Trans Atlantic slave trade.
An estimated 300,000 Ghanaians would also be employed by the sector, making it the biggest employer after agriculture and the retail sector. Among plans to move Tourism forward are efforts to boost domestic tourism and establish Ghana as the “Homeland” for Africans in the Diaspora.