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Basic Facts

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Official Country Name: Republic of Estonia
Short form: Estonia

National Day: Independence Day, February 24. Estonia declared it's independence on this day in 1918.
Estonia became a NATO member state on 29 March 2004
Estonia became a European Union member state on 1 May 2004.

Capital: Tallinn (2003, population 405 562. It's 29.3% of total population).

Other large cities and population:
Tartu - 101.200
Narva - 67.800
Kohtla-Järve - 46.800
Pärnu - 44.800

Total population: 1.351 million (as of 1.01.2004)
Largest ethnic groups:
Estonians - 68%,
Russians - 26%,
Ukrainians - 2%,
Belarussians - 1%
Finns - 1%

Telephone Code: +372

Time Zone: GMT+2

Area: 45 227 square km.
Estonia is a green land, forests cover around half of the country (20 155 square km)

Highest Mountain: Suur Munamägi (Great Egg Hill), 318 m

Climate: humid-temperate

Number of islands: 1 521. Largest islands are Saaremaa, Hiiumaa and Muhu.

Estonia is a country of thousand lakes, largest of these are Lake Peipsi and Lake Võrtsjärv

Temperature range (average daily): -7.5°C in January 2003 and +19.9°C in July 2003

President: Toomas Hendrik Ilves

Government: Parliamentary Republic

Currency: The Estonian Kroon (EEK), 1 Kroon = 100 sents
1 EUR = 15.65 EEK

Health Risks: none

Electricity: 220V

Weights & Measures: metric
GDP: US$27.61 billion
GDP per capita: US$20,560
Annual Growth: 5.5%
Inflation: 3.7%

Major Industries: Food, clothing, oil shale, metals, woodworking

Major Trading Partners: Finland, Sweden, Germany, Latvia, Lithuania

Country Name in other languages: Eesti (Estonian), Viro (Finnish), Estland (German, Swedish), Igaunija (Latvian), Estija (Lithuanian)

Important telephone numbers
Emergency: 112
Police: 110


Edited byatjackiejohns on 02.11.2009 rauno on 17.07.2005 vanzic on 09.11.2004 zlarty on 20.05.2004 charrua on 09.04.2004

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