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Basic Facts

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Official Country Name: Canada
Area: 9,984,670 sq km
Population: 31.9 million
Official Languages: English and French
Capital city: Ottawa
Major cities: Toronto, Montréal, Vancouver, Calgary, Halifax, Ottawa, Québec, Winnipeg, Edmonton
International telephone Code: 1
Time Zones: (6) Pacific(GMT-8), Mountain(GMT-7), Central(GMT-6), Eastern(GMT-5), Atlantic(GMT-4, Newfoundland(GMT-3½)
National holiday: 1st of July (Canada Day; formation of the Dominion of Canada in 1867)
Ethnic Groups: Canada is a multicultural society made up of many different ethnicities, from Native aboriginal peoples to British and French descendants as well as other Europeans, Asians and Africans origin
Highest Mountain: Mt Logan (5956 m)
Head of Government: The Right Honourable Stephen Harper, Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative Party)
Head of State: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, represented by Her Excellency The Right Honourable Michaëlle Jean, Governor General of Canada
Government: Constitutional Monarchy and Parliamentary Democracy. A confederation of 10 provinces and 3 territories.
Ruling parties (federal): Conservative (minority)(2006-)
Currency: Canadian Dollar
Exchange Rate: US$1=CA$1.2 €1=CA$1.4
Health Risks: nothing out of the ordinary
Electricity: 110 V, 60 Hz AC, two flat and one round pin
Weights & Measures: Metric system (official) and imperial (populaire)
Country Name in other languages: Kanada, Kanaða
Name Origin: Canada, from "kanata", aboriginal word meaning community (Village)


Edited bymaplefanta on 08.02.2006 tsturgeo on 01.07.2005 cyclops on 24.05.2004 tsturgeo on 13.03.2004 julyblossom on 01.02.2004 valmid on 07.10.2003

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