Printable travel guide for: Romania
Categorized Travel Guide

Basic Facts
Official Country Name: Romania Capital: Bucharest Population: 22.3 mil.(2003) Telephone Code: +40 Time Zone: GMT+2 (winter), GMT+3(summer) Area: 237500 sq km Language(s): romanian Ethnic Groups: romanian (90%), hungarian (7%) Highest Mountain: Fagaras (Moldoveanu Peak 2544m) President/Head of State: Traian Basescu Government: republic Currency: Leu(sg.) - Lei(pl.), RON (international) Exchange Rate: US$1=2.96 Lei; EURO1=4,2 Lei Health Risks: - Electricity: 220V Weights & Measures: Metric System Country Name in other languages: Roumanie, Rumania, Rumänien, Rumunija
Attractions and Things to See and Do
The Black Sea coast has numerous resorts, some very crowded and some more laid back. If you prefer the first category, you should check out Mamaia, Neptun, Olimp, Venus, Jupiter, Saturn, Mangalia, Eforie. The second category includes the very young and bohemian Vama Veche, 2 Mai, Vadul. The Danube Delta is Romania's youngest and lowest piece of land. The best preserved delta in Europe is also a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1991. The landscape consists of channels, lakes and low sandy pieces of land, over 300 species of birds, unique vegetation, pitoresque villages, also home to the Lipovan Russians minority. Maramures is a very well-defined geografical, historical and ethno-cultural region of Romania, best know for the wooden churches of Barsana, Budesti, Desesti, Ieud, Plopis, Poienile Izei, Rogoz, Surdesti, all featured on the UNESCO World Heritage List. Also worth some attention are the two major cities Baia Mare and Satu Mare, the Merry Cemetery in the village of Sapanta, Sighetu Marmatiei, a beautiful small town, home to one of the most fearce communist prisons and also one of the best open-air museums in Romania. Moldova is maybe most famous for its painted monasteries, Arbore, Humor, Voronet, Moldovita and Sucevita, all built between 1487 and 1532, with beautiful exterior religious paintings, but also for its cities, Iasi, Suceava, Piatra Neamt, Bacau. The transylvanian medieval urban complexes are some of the best preserved in the country and on the continent: Brasov, Sighisoara, Medias, Sibiu, Cluj-Napoca, Alba-Iulia, Targu-Mures, Bistrita. From medieval times also are the fortified churches of Transylvania (Biertan, Viscri, Valea Viilor, Calnic, Darjiu, Prejmer, Saschiz), also on the UNESCO World Heritage List. The most popular castles and fortresses are the Bran Castle, often associated with the legend of count Dracula, the Rasnov fortress, also included in some Dracula theme tours, the Peles Castle, the "crib" of the Romanian Royal Family, the Poenari fortress, thought to be one of the most haunted places in the world, the Dacian fortresses of the Orastie Mountains (Sarmizegetusa, Blidaru, Piatra Rosie, Costesti, Capalna and Banita), the best preserved remains of ancient Dacian civilization, the Corvinesti Castle in Hunedara, the most beautiful Gothic castle in Romania. The Carpathian Mountains offer a wide range of attractions, from wonderful hiking paths to great slopes for those winter sport fanatics. Try the Romanian national parks: Apuseni, Bucegi, Buila-Vanturarita, Calimani, Ceahlau, Cheile Bicazului-Hasmasu Mare, Cheile Nerei-Beusnita, Cozia, Domogled-Valea Cernei, Mehedinti, Maramuresului, Rodnei, Piatra Craiului, Portile de Fier, Retezat, Semenic-Cheile Carasului. The best ski resorts are those of the Prahova Valley (Predeal, Sinaia, Busteni, Azuga), Poiana Brasov (near Brasov), Arieseni (in the Apuseni Mountains), Borsa (in Maramures county), Straja (in Hunedoara county), Vatra Dornei (in Suceava county),etc.
Some Romanian maps Here you can include references to maps that are somewhere on the internet. Two conditions apply: they cannot be protected by copyright, (or you have to make sure that we are allowed to use them), and you have to make sure that it is ok if we call them up from here. If that is a problem, you can also send us the image file and we will upload it to our server.
Off the Beaten Path and Insider Tips
Suggested Itineraries
1 Day, 1 Week, 2 Weeks, 1 Month ...
Getting there and away, Getting around by Air, Train, Bus, Car, Motorcycle, Boat, Hitchhiking, Bicycle ...
International Airport Bucharest Henri Coandă
Trains Timetable
Romanian Bus Timetable & Bus Hire
If you do not want to stay with other HC members, or noone is available, here is what other members suggest.
Hostels in Bucharest- Vila Gabriela(
Funky Chicken Hostel
Hotels Camping Other Options
Food and Drinks and Local Specialties


Street Food

McDonalds Ramnicu Valcea Cozia
Str. Regina Maria, nr.1, bl. I, parter
Telefon fix +40250 702 960
Mobil +40372 700 352
Fax +40250 738 927
Program Luni - Duminica: 08.00 - 23.00
Program McDrive -

McDonalds Ramnicu Valcea River Plaza
Bulevardul Calea lui Traian, Nr. 125
Telefon fix +40350419704
Mobil +40372700353
Fax +40250738927
Program Luni - Duminica 10.00 - 24.00

Local Specialties

Money and Costs
Currency Leu - ROL (Romanian Leu), Exchanging Money Credit Cards where announced Tipping not allowed, but beloved (10%), Bargaining, Costs The South of the country is cheaper, large cities have higher costs, especially Bucharest...
Visa and Documents and Embassies
Who needs a visa? How to get it? Embassies & Consulates, of the country abroad and in the country
General information
Aliens who travel to Romania have the prior obligation to apply for a visa at a diplomatic mission or consular office, except those citizens arriving from countries with which Romania concluded agreements on abolition of visa requirements or has renounced unilaterally at the visa requirement (see annex 1, 2, 3).
Annex 1 - The list of the countries whose nationals must be in possession of visa when entering Romania;
Annex 2 - The list of the countries whose nationals are exempted from the Romanian visa requirement;
Annex 3 - The list of the countries whose nationals holders of diplomatic passports, service passports, official passports and seaman's books are exempted from the Romanian visa requirement.
The Romanian visa is granted by the diplomatic missions or consular offices of Romania abroad, on prior approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs. Nonetheless, Romanian short stay visas may be issued without prior approval of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, to aliens who do not need a visa to enter EU member states, if they apply for a visa in the country whose citizenship they hold.
To grant a visa to aliens coming from the states included in Annex 3, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs requests a notification from the Authority for Foreigners to be issued within 30 days from the day it is registered in the Bureau of Consular Affairs.
Long-stay visas will only be granted in agreement with the Authority for Foreigners.
Visas may be issued for one or multiple entries.
Exceptionally, the authorities of the border police may issue transit or short stay visas, provided that the following circumstances are met:
in emergency case as a consequence of disasters, natural calamities or accidents;
in case of death or severe illness of close relatives, which is to be proved by appropriate documents;
in case of damage, bad weather conditions or terrorist attack danger when ship or aircraft crew and passengers are forced to land;
in case of international organisation officials commissioned to carry out short-term official missions in Romania;
in case of foreign participants in international meetings, when the interval between the announcement and the meeting date is too short to allow visa procedures. In that case, visas will be granted with prior agreement of the Authority for Foreigners, at the request of the organiser and subsequent notification of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs;
in case of foreign ship-crew to be repatriated when the labour contract expires or in case of rapid crew change.
Types of visa
The Romanian authorities grant the following types of visa:
1. airport transit visa, (symbol A);
2. transit visa, symbol B or B/CL when applied to groups, (collective visa);
3. short-stay visa, identified by one of the following symbols, according to the type of activity the applicant is to develop in Romania:
mission (symbol C/M)
tourism (symbol C/TU or CL/TU, when applied to groups);
visit (symbol C/VV);
business (symbol C/A);
transport (symbol C/TR);
sports (symbol C/SP);
cultural, scientific and humanitarian activities, short-term medical treatment or other activities that do not infringe Romanian law (symbol C/ZA).
4. long-stay visa, identified by one of the following symbols, according to the type of activity the applicant is to develop in Romania:
economic activities (symbol D/AE);
professional activities (symbol D/AP);
commercial activities (symbol D/AC);
labour contract (symbol D/AM);
studies (symbol D/SD);
family unification (symbol D/VF);
aliens married to Romanian citizens (symbol D/CR);
religious or humanitarian activities (symbol D/RU);
purposes other than those listed (symbol D/AS);
diplomatic and official service visa (symbol DS).
Visas are valid and entitle holders to stay in the territory of Romania for:
90 days, with the possibility of extension in the country, in the case of long-stay visas;
up to 90 days with no possibility of extension in the country, in the case of short-stay visas;
5 days from the entry date, in the case of transit visas.
Visa fees
- official and short-term visa:
one entry - 25 US dollars
multiple entries - 60 US dollars
- transit visa:
simple (and for simple airport transit) - 15 US dollars
double (and for double airport transit) - 25 US dollars
For expeditious issuance of visa (within 48 hours) additional charges: 6 US dollars. Potential extra costs for consular services are to be recovered on a separate basis.
No visa fee is required for:
representatives of International Organizations of which Romania is a member;
members of foreign diplomatic missions and consular offices, who are accredited in Romania, persons who travel together with the Head of States, Prime Ministers;
members of parliamentary delegations and other officials, as well their family members, on the basis of reciprocity;
organized tourist groups, which provide evidences of prior payment of the services (voucher).
Legal Framework
In Romanian:
for translated legal regulations please contact djalx
Borders and Customs
Post and Communications and Internet
Internet Access
Questions and Answers or Forum
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Hospitality Club Meetings
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Activities and Sports
Nightlife and Entertainment
Bars, Cafes, Discos, Cinemas...
Population and People
Romania's climate is transitional between temperate and continental with four seasons. The average annual temperature is 10° C, reaching higher values in the south and lower in the north. The warmest month is July and the coldest is January. According to the Romanian Official Travel and Tourism Information website the best time to visit is during the spring months (March, April, May), when days are warm and evenings and mornings cool and refreshing. The Romanian summers (June to August) have been pretty hot the past years, with temperatures reaching record values of over 40° C. Winters (December to February) can be very cold, with temperatures well under 0° C, but also unusually warm (up to 10° C). Autumns are pretty wet and cool, with September as the best month to travel around this season. The average quantity of precipitation is around 750 mm/year, higher in the Carpathians and a lot lower around the Black Sea coast and in the Danube Delta.
Culture and Conduct or Local Customs
Language and Useful Phrases
Events and Holidays
Festivals, Sports, Concerts, Public Holidays...
Climate and When to Go
Environment and Flora and Fauna
Dangers and Warnings
Tourist Traps
Government and Politics
GDP, GDP per head, Annual growth, inflation, Major Industries, Major trading partners...
Music, Literature, Theater, Movies ...
Newspapers, Radio and TV, Magazines ...
Volunteer Opportunities and Work
Organized Tours
What to Bring or Packing List
Books and Further Reading
Guidebooks, Travel, History and Politics
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Other Information
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External Links
Official Country Website:

good links: (L)

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Offtopic Messages
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