Printable travel guide for Azerbaijan
Travel Guide

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Basic Facts

Official Country Name: Azerbaijan Republic
Capital: Baku
Population: 8 mln.
Telephone Code:994
Time Zone:GMT +04:00
Area: 86600 sq km
Language(s): Azeri, Russian
Ethnic Groups: Azerbaijanis, Russians, Armenians (in Nagorno-Karabakh), Lezgins, Talish etc.
Highest Mountain: Bazar-Duzu (4466 m.)
President/Head of State: President Ilham Aliyev
Currency: manat
Exchange Rate: US$1=4600 AZM
Health Risks:
Electricity: 50Hz, 220V
Weights & Measures: metric
Country Name in other languages:

Attractions and Things to See and Do

Much of the finest oil boom architecture is concentrated around the Old Town, and immediately to its north and east. This turn will only take an hour or so. Begin on Neftchilar prospekti, opposite the Maiden's Tower. The grand house on the corner immediately east of the tower is the Hajinski Mansio. It was built in 1912 for the wealthy oil-baron Isabey Hajinski,and is noted for the comic faces carved into the facade. It is said that the architect siphoned off so much of his boss's money that he was able to build his own luxurious mansion on the other side of town (it now houses the American Embassy). Head south on Neftchiler, and turn right at Azerneft meydani. The huge three-storey building on the far side of Azerneft meydani is the headquarters of SOCAR (State Oil Company of the Azerbaijan Republic). This huge mansion was built in 1896. and was purchased in the 1900s by Mir Babayev, a famous Azerifolk singer who struck it lucky when singing at a society wedding. One of the groom's wealthy relatives was so impressed he gave Babayev a gift so large that the singer was able to become an oil baron himself. Continue west up Niyazi street, to the junction with Istiqlaliyyat. The two buildings on the left side of the street house the State Museum of Art. The classical building with portico overlooking the open-air auditorium was built in 1891 for the Baki agent of the Rothschild banking business-After the Soviet takeover in 1920 it was occupied by Mir-Jafar Bagirov, First Secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party and Stalin's bosom buddy. The other building was originally a girls' school. On the right is the Italian Renaissance style Filarmoniya (Philharmonic Concert Hall), built in 1912. Turn right and continue north along Istiglaliyyat street. Beyond Baksoviet metro station rises the grand baroque edifice of Baki's City Hall (still known by its Russian abbreviation ‘Baksoviet'). It was built between 1900 and 1904 and designed by the Polish architect Joseph Goslavski, who was also responsi¬ble for Baki's Alexander Nevsky Cathedral. This great church was built in 1888 and once stood nearby on Ahmad Javad street, but was demolished at Stalin's order in the 1930s. The next building along is the Institute of Manuscripts, which was completed in 1901. It was originally the Alexandra Boarding School for Muslim Girls, the city's first school to provide secular education for girls, and served as the Parliament of the short-lived Azerbaijan Democratic Republic (1918-1920). The school was endowed by Zeynalabdin Tagiyev, a philanthropic oil baron whose own mansion now houses the State History Museum. If you manage to fight your way across the traffic-clogged street here (alternatively, there's an underpass back at the Baki's Wedding Palace metro station), it's worth making a short detour along M Muxtarov street to see the Wedding Palace. This magnificent French Gothic mansion was built by the oil baron Murtuza Muhtarov in 1912. A staunch capitalist, Muhtarov did not give up without a fight when Red Army invaded Baki in 1920. When two mounted Bolshevik soldiers rode into the grand entrance hall of his house, the old man (he was 65) shot them both before turning his gun on himself. The Soviets did not carve up the building into separate apartments, but made it into a 'Wedding Palace' where young Communist couples would pledge their vows to each other. It’s still serves this purpose today. Return to Istiqlaliyyet street and turn left downhill. The last big building on the right is the Ismayilla Palace, probably the most elaborate of Baki's oil boom mansions. It was built between 1908 and 1913 at the behest of Musa Nagiyev, one of the city’s richest magnates, in memory of his son Ismayil who died of tuberculosis. Its or¬nate and colourful design was based on the Palazzo Contarini in Venice. The building was devastated by fire during the street battles that marked the birth of the Azerbaijan Democratic Republic in 1918, but when the Communist authorities restored it in the 1920s they replaced the Koranic inscriptions and oriental ornamentation with more ideologically correct Soviet stars. Today the palace houses the offices of the Azerbaijan State Academy of Sciences. Across the street from the Ismayilla Palace is the Monolit, a massive Soviet apartment block built in the 1940s. Continue straight downhill past monuments to two great Azeri writers - the seated figure of satirist and poet Sabir (1862-1911) on the right, and a standing statue of 12th century poet Nizami on the left. At the foot of the stairs beneath the latter is the colourful facade of the Nizami Museum of Literature with a row of statues depicting famous literary figures. Go left around the museum and turn right into Fountain Square - Baki's prime people-watching arena. The fountains only work occasionally, but there are plenty of cafe terraces where you can enjoy a drink and watch the world go by. On the north side of the square is a rare survival - a 19th century Armenian church, now used as a storage space. Leave Fountain Square on the south along the pedestrian precinct of Aziz Aliyev street (between the Nizami Museum and the Ramstore Supermarket). Fork left at the statue of the 19th century poet Natavan, which stands in front of a glass facade tacked on to the building that houses the Azerbaijan Cinema. Turn left at the next street. A.Alizada street, and enter the shopping arcade (to the right of the "Gold Passage'). This two-storey Italian Renaissance arcade was built in the 1890s and was Baki's first department store, catering to the wealthy families of the oil barons. Today the shops are jammed with imported consumer goods for the city's sec¬ond wave of nouveaux riches. Exit the far end of the arcade and turn left along Azerbaijan prospekti. Two blocks along turn left on Z. Tagiyev street. The entire block on the right side of the street is the former home of oil baron Zeynalabdin Tagiyev. This vast Italian Renaissance mansion was built between 1895 and 1902 to the design of Joseph Goslavski, who also designed City Hall. Although it was once one of the most splendid residences in Baki, today it looks a little the worse for wear. It was confiscated by the Soviet authorities and escaped being divided into apartments. Instead it became the State History Museum, a role it continues to perform today. Continue north past the museum to return to Fountain Square for a well-earned beer. The State Museum of Art is housed in a late 19th century mansion on Niyazi street, opposite the Filarmoniya. The main building houses a collection of 19th century Azeri and Russian art, while the annex immediately uphill contains Azeri modern art. Perhaps the most interesting - if unofficial - exhibits are the bullet-scarred bronzes of poet Natavan, singer Bulbul and composer Hajibeyov in the courtyard behind the annex. These once stood in the city of Shusha in Nagorno-Karabakh, but following the Armenian occupation of the region the busts were discovered in Georgia, having been sold for scrap. The State Museum of Art is open from 10 am to 5 pm Tuesday to Sunday. Entry is $3. Housed in the former mansion of the oil baron Zeynalabdin Tagiyev, the State History Museum at Z.Tagiyev street 4 is worth a visit just to see the undiminished splendour of the upstairs reception halls. Approached via an extravagantly mir¬rored, marble-clad staircase, the grand halls are decorated with ornate mouldings in a mixture of oriental and European styles, covered in gold leaf and sparklingly illumi¬nated by huge chandeliers. The main galleries on the ground floor contain exhibits of pottery, metalwork, architecture and inscriptions, including a plaster cast of the 1st century AD Latin graffito at Qobustan. Unfortunately there are no descriptions beyond the barest minimum of labels (in Azeri and Russian only), so it may be worth engaging the services of an English-speaking guide. The upstairs galleries have displays of weapons, early oil industry technology, carpets and textiles, plus endlessly dull galleries of dusty photographs and documents from the Soviet era. The State History Museum is open from 10 am to 7 pm Tuesday to Sunday. Admission costs $1. An extra $1.25 is charged if you wish to visit special exhibitions in the upstairs galleries. State Museum of Carpets & Applied Art. Baki's carpet museum (493 05 01) is housed in a huge, colonnaded Greek temple (formerly the Lenin Museum) on Neftchiler prospekti at its junction with Samed Vurgun street. Around 1000 out of the mu-seum's huge collection of some 6000 carpets are on display, divided into flat-weave (kilims) and knotted carpets and catalogued according to style and area of origin. If you are a serious carpet freak, then this place is a must - there are many rare and beautiful examples of Azeri carpets, not only from Azerbaijan but also from northern Iran and Dagestan - though the non-air-conditioned galleries can be hotter than hell in summer. As usual there are no descriptions on the exhibits, ensuring that interested visitors will have to pay for a guide. The museum is open from 10 am to 5 pm Tuesday to Sunday. Admission is $3, plus another $5 for an English-speaking guide. The Waterfront Though you might not guess by the look of it, Baki Bay and the city's waterfront have been declared a national park. Some areas of the park are neglected and in need of re¬pair, but it is still a pleasant place to stroll and local people take full advantage of the shady walks, funfair rides, kiddie cars, cheap donar stalls and outdoor pool tables, and you might even see the occasional kid on roller-blades! World chess champion Garry Kasparov, who was born in Baki, is said to have cut his teeth on the public chess tables here. Boat trips around the bay depart from the little jetty opposite the distinctive scalloped roof of the Mirvari Cafe. A 30 minute cruise accompanied by deafening Azeri pop music costs 75 cents. Martyrs' Lane In the aftermath of 20 January 1990, when the Red Army rolled into Baki and massacred more than a hundred citizens, a Shehidlar Hiyabany (Martyrs' Lane) lover's lane in a hilltop park south of the Old Town was rededicated as a cemetery and memorial to those who had died. It was known as Shehidlar Hiyabany (Martyrs' Lane), and in the years that followed it was surrounded by the graves of those who had fallen in the Karabakh conflict. Today there are thousands of tombstones ranged amid the trees and flower beds. The landscaped terraces around the cemetery were formerly known as Kirov Park. A grandiose but crumbling staircase mounts to the summit of a hill that was once surmounted by a massive bronze statue of Sergei Mironovich Kirov (1886-1934), the first secretary of the Azerbaijan Communist Party from


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Off the Beaten Path and Insider Tips

Suggested Itineraries

1 Day, 1 Week, 2 Weeks, 1 Month ... Если вы в Баку всего один день: предлагаю сесть на обзорный автобус который прокатит вас по самым красивым и значимым местам центра Баку. Стоит билет на него 10 азн


Getting there and away, Getting around by Air, Train, Bus, Car, Motorcycle, Boat, Hitchhiking, Bicycle ...


If you do not want to stay with other HC members, or noone is available, here is what other members suggest. Hostels Hotels Camping Other Options

Food and Drinks and Local Specialties

Restaurants, Supermarkets, Street Food, Local Specialties ...

Money and Costs

Currency, Exchanging Money, Credit Cards, Tipping, Bargaining, Costs...

Visa and Documents and Embassies

Who needs a visa? How to get it? Embassies & Consulates, of the country abroad and in the country.... Visa information The following information represents the governmental travel regulations, procedures and restrictions for travel to Azerbaijan Republic as at the 1st of November 2007. The purpose of this information is to advice of travelers about general rules of visit country. More detailed information can be accessed at Foreign Ministry web-site Passport section For entry and departure from Azerbaijan Republic valid foreign passport required for all excluding persons with possessing documentation as follows: 1. Special documents issued for persons without citizenship refugees. 2. Return certificate for Azerbaijan Republic citizens and persons without citizenship residing in Azerbaijan Republic. 3.Teenagers (under 18) cross the state border of Azerbaijan Republic based on valid foreign passports as well as provided children’s photos are added to the foreign passports of their parent. Validity: Foreign passport should be valid for the period of intended stay. Crew: Passport and a general declaration required. Crew members have to travel in uniform. Additional information: Stateless persons and refugees must contact Embassy or Consulate of Azerbaijan prior to arrival. Notes: Return certificate (laissez-passer) is the document founding single-time crossing of the state border in order to return. The document is processed in the diplomatic representative offices and consulates for Azerbaijani citizen as well as persons without citizenship residing in Azerbaijan Republic. 1. visa section Warning: Non-compliance with the entry regulations will result in deportation of the passenger and fines for the transporting airline. Visa: Required, except for: 1. Nationals of Azerbaijan. 2. Possessors of foreign passports issued for the citizen of states wich Azerbaijan Republic has the agreement on non-visa status with such as Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic , Moldova (Rep. of), Russian Fed., Tajikistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. 3. Possessors of official and service passport as well as diplomatic passports issued for citizen of the states having agreement on non-visa regime with Azerbaijan. In case of tourist travel the maximum duration of non-visa status is 3 months. 4. Passengers traveling to 3rd country stay restricted to 72 hours on the assumption of availability of further travel ticket and stay within transit zone. Availability of visas for aircraft crew is not obligatory. Appointment OF VISAS 1. Before the entry: visa appointment is processed in the diplomatic representative offices and consulates of Azerbaijan Republic abroud: Austria (Vienna), Belarus (Minsk), Belgium (Brussels), Bulgaria (Sophia), United Kingdom (London), Czech Republic (Prague), China (Beijing), Egypt (Cairo), France (Paris), Germany (Berlin), Iran (Tehran, Tebriz), Italy (Rome), Kazakhstan (Astana), Russian Federation (Moscow, St.Peterburgh), Turkish Republic (Ankara, Istanbul, Kars), Turkmenistan (Ashgabat), Ukraine (Kiev), UAE (Abu-Dhabi), Saudi Arabia (Riyadh), India ( Dehli), USA (Washington, Los-Angeles), Uzbekistan (Tashkent), Georgia (Tbilisi), Indonesia (Jakarta), Jordan (Amman), Spain (Madrid), Sweden (Stockholm), Switzerland (Berne), Canada (Ottawa), Korean Republic (Seoul), Kuwait (El-Kuwait), Kyrgyz Republic (Bishkek), Latvia (Riga), Hungary (Budapest), Malaysia (Kuala Lumpur), Morocco (Rabat), Moldova (Kishinev), Netherlands (Hague), Pakistan (Islamabad), Poland (Warsaw), Romania (Bucharest), Tajikistan (Dushanbe), Japan (Tokyo), Greece (Athens), Lithuania (Vilnius). 2. Upon Arrival: For Turkish Republic citizen with maximum stay of 60 days, cost USD 10. For 1 month visa letter of invitation and the documents specifying purpose of the visa are obligatory for submission The visa duty for foreign citizen and persons without citizenship is equal to the duty paid by Azerbaijani citizen in the Country of the foreigner for which the visa is issued. 3. For issuance of entry visa at the airport 3x4 cm photo is needed. Additional Information 1. Foreigners coming to Azerbaijan for stay the range of more then 30 days have to register domiciliary. The registration form is submitted to the administration of the hotel (sanatorium, hospital etc) as well to the proprietor of an apartment. The latter must notify the local police office about the registration within 24 hours. The registration cancelled after departure of the foreigner. 2. Foreign citizen and persons without citizenship residing in Azerbaijan ad interim have to prolong their visas annually. Notes: 1. Persons without citizenship and refugees may stay within the transit zone 24 hours only. 2. The citizen of following states can get the entry visa upon the arrival to the international airports of Azerbaijan Republic : EU states, USA, Canada Citizen and persons without citizenships residing in the states which have bilateral and multilateral agreements with Azerbaijan Republic can get visas upon presentation of an invitation letter registered by the Foreign Office of Azerbaijan Republic. Attention: non-observance of the rules will result in deportation of the passenger and penalty provisions for the transporting air company 2. VACCINATION Upon arrival to Azerbaijan from other countries passengers do not have to undergo vaccination procedures. 3. AIRPORT Tallage No tallage is taken from the passengers upon their arrival to Azerbaijan’s international airports. 4. CUSTOMS Supervision : Important: Persons aged 16 and more may import to Azerbaijan following: 1.1000 cigarettes or 1000g tobacco; 2.1.5 liters of alcohol or 2 liters of vine; 3. Perfumes for private use; 4. Azerbaijan Republic citizen may import the goods in value not exceeding USD 10 000 (for private use only); 5. Citizen of other states may import the goods in value not exceeding USD 10 000. Additional information: For importation of video camera for personal use no special permissions are needed except for declaration of the equipment upon arrival. In case of re-export: the customs declaration must be kept till the further departure from Azerbaijan. The declaration should be submitted upon departure. Prohibited: Photographs and printed matter directed against Azerbaijan, live animals (subject to special permit), military arms and ammunition, narcotics (opium, hashish, etc.), fruit and vegetables. Crew: Same regulations as for passengers apply. Pets: Cats, dogs and birds (except pigeons) must be accompanied by a veterinarian health certificate bearing seal of local board of health and not be issued over ten days prior to arrival. Pigeons are prohibited entry. Pets may enter as passenger's checked baggage, in the cabin or as cargo. Generally pets are not permitted in hotels. Baggage clearance: Baggage is cleared at the first airport of entry in Azerbaijan. Exempt: Baggage of transit passengers with a destination outside the C.I.S. (see terms & definitions); Export: Prohibited: Arms, ammunition, precious metals (gold, silver, etc.) And articles (see note 51 below) made thereof (also if containing precious stones and/or real pearls), antiquities and art objects (subject to duty and special permit from the Ministry of culture), furs. From the view of state and social security, morale and health of the population, environmental protection, preservation of historical monuments, rights of property etc. Some of goods may not be permitted for import / export. Note: The jewelry notified in the declaration upon arrival is excluded from the list: 5. CURRENCY Import: Permitted Local currency is Azerbaijan manat (AZN) Permitted for exportation upon notification of the sum in the declaration. Foreign currency. Permitted without restrictions for Azerbaijani citizen as well as foreigners and persons without citizenship provided that the declaration is properly submitted. Export: Permitted Local currency is Azerbaijan manta (AZN) Permitted for exportation upon notification of the sum in the declaration (for Azerbaijani citizen only). Foreign currency. Azerbaijani citizen may export the sum of USD 10.000 (or equivalent). Any exceeding sum is subject to taxation. The sum exceeding 10.000 should be permitted by the National Bank of Azerbaijan Republic. Foreigners may export the sum not exceeding the one declared upon arrival to Azerbaijan (the document proving the importation of the sum is needed. Otherwise, maximum sum permitted for exportation is USD 1.000).

Borders and Customs

Post and Communications and Internet

Post, Telephone, Fax, Internet Access ...

Questions and Answers or Forum

Here anything goes, you can post questions you have, and other members will answer you. If you do answer, please send the reply directly to the asking member as well, and try to integrate the information into the categories above. If too difficult to do, just answer right here and a volunteer will integrate in the future. Also, you can put thanks notes in here. Add new questions on top so they show up on the Travel Guide page. Please post messages not related to traveling or the aim of the Hospitality Club into the category Offtopic Messages.
I prepare for a trip through the Southern Caucasus starting in Baku and travel through Azerbaijan to Georgia. I use the Mark Elliot "Azerbaijan with excursions to Georgia" (2004) and Lonely Planet's guide to Azerbaijan etc (2008) in planning my trip through Azarbaijan. I have some questions and need for advice regarding the planning of my trip.
I speak a quite decent Russian (and very basic indeed Turkish) and have experience from traveling alone through Central Asia (though not in the Southern Caucasus). I have very limited mountain trekking experience. I plan to spend about 1 week of the trip in Azerbaijan.
the north
From what I read I understand that the villages of Xinaliq and Qusarcay Laza is probably some of the best choices of what to see in Azerbaijan. If I have understood right the biggest challenge of reaching Xinaliq is the potential challenge of negotiation a reasonable price for a shared taxi from Quba to Xinaliq:). According to my guide a shared Jeep from Quba should cost about AZN 8, but in my experience theese type of prices can change rappidly. What is a normal price for a seat in a shared jeep from Quba to Xinaliq?
My guides suggests that it is relatively easy to arrnage a homestay in Xinaliq by asking around provided that you speak Russian (or Azeri of course...) even if you show up without a guide. Can anyone confirm if this is the case?
When it comes to Qusarcay Laza, I have read that as there is a project for building a ski resort there, it is very likely that there will be busses to Laza in the near future. Does anyone know if there are buses going there for the moment? Is hiking from Xinaliq to Qusarcay Laza sensible for someone with my limitied mountain-hiking experience? Is guide and horse adviceable?
How realistic is it to hike from Xinaliq southward over the Salavat pass, through Qabala (south) Laza, to Vandam or Quabala, given that you hire a giude and a horse? I realize that you will need to camp in tent on the way, because of the lenght of the trip and that there is no villages on the way, but is it objectionaly physically difficult for a person with limited mountain hiking experience? My guide claims that you can get some challenges with the authorities if you choose the Quabala route, Does anyone know idf this is (still) the case? In addition to the scenery the reason for considering this option is to avoid going all the way back to Baku and only then go west through the North West towards Georgia.
The Northwest
Based on my guides it looks like Lahic and Saki is the places most worthwhile in the North-west for exploring rual and town life respectively. If someone have special recommondations on what to see.

Hospitality Club Meetings

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Activities and Sports

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Population and People

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Organized Tours

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Books and Further Reading

Guidebooks, Travel, History and Politics
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External Links

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