Punjab is a state in northwest India, part of a larger Punjab region. Neighbouring
regions are Punjab, Pakistan to the west, Jammu and Kashmir to the north, Himachal
Pradesh to the northeast, Haryana to the south and southeast and Rajasthan to
the southwest. Total area is 50,362 square kilometres (19,445 square miles).
The population is 24,289,296 (2000).
The word Punjab is a combination of the words 'Punj', meaning five and 'Aab',
meaning water. Punjab is a region of five rivers, the Jhelum, Chenab, Ravi,
Beas, and Sutlej. In 1947, the region was partitioned between newly-independent
India and Pakistan along religious lines, with the mostly Muslim western half
of the region going to Pakistan and the mostly Sikh and Hindu eastern half
to India. Punjab is an agricultural state, with land fertility unparalleled
in the world. The largest grown crop is wheat. Other important crops are cotton,
sugarcane, millet, rice (Basmati rice is known worldwide for its flavor), maize
(makki ki roti and sarson da saag are the favorite foods of people in Punjab),
barley and fruit. Textiles and flour milling are the major industries. Road,
rail and river transportation links are extensive throughout the region.
Punjab is among the few states in India that do not have a Hindu majority.
Sikhism is the main religion of the Indian Punjab, with about 65% of the population.
Amritsar is the site of the Golden Temple, the main place of worship. The Jains
also consider Amritsar to be an important city.
The language of the people is Punjabi on both sides of the border, although
the alphabet used is different - Gurmukhi on the Indian side and Shahmukhi
on Pakistani side, a modified form of Arabic. The state capital of Punjab is
Chandigarh. Other major cities include Ludhiana, Jalandhar and Patiala.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wikipedia:Text_of_the_GNU_Free_Documentation_License Why should members come? What can they expect, travel wise and Hospitality Club wise?
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Edited by: gillfinland on 10.03.2009 navinkurian2002 on 28.07.2005