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|Info about Yazd, Iran|
Yazd Travel Guide
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The province of Yazd (Persian :يزد) is located in the central part of Iranian plateau at 29.52 to 33.27 latitude and 52.55 to 56.37 longitude. Yazd province consists of 10 townships, 21 cities, 19 districts and 51 villages. The neighboring provinces to Yazd are Isfahan, Pars, Khorasan and Kerman provinces. There is variety of up and down areas in this province with altitude of 850m. to 4055m. [Shirkooh).
The annual rainfall is between 50 to 100 mm. changes of temperature are too much in winter and summer, even day and night, between +45 to -20°C. This average is changeable from 11.9 up to 20.7°C. Yazd province limits are located in a part of the central Iranian plateau, where most of Iranian deserts are located in. Different deserts cover an extensive area of the province. The population of the province is about 814000.
Handicrafts are a part of art and industry, witch is made by exploiting native raw materials and doing fundamental work with hand and manual traditional tools and is led to appear products that indicate the taste and mental creativity of their makers. The most important handicrafts of Yazd province are: rug, small carpets, Killim (short-napped coarsr carpets), velvet, brocade, Chador Shab, handkerchief, mercerized, Jim weaving (manual cotton cloth weaving industry), damask (woven of silk thread), Ejrami (a kind of hand-woven cloth), bed sheet, Dandani or Gol-e Khord (Zoroastrians' material cloth), cashmere, curtain, Zilou (pileless carpet), carpet sheet, canvas, bundle, lion-cloth, bathing-flannel glove,saddle-bag, blanket, earthenware, ceramic, mat, tile and Giveh (light cotton summer shoes). Carpet weaving, cashmere weaving, Zilou weaving, pottery, ceramics and tile making are enjoying special importance among the handicrafts. Confectionery has a long background in Yazd. Different traditional cakes and candies are baked in Yazd, like; Baghlava (a kind of pastry usually cut out in lozenges), Ghottab (akind of candy), Loz-e Nargil (lozenge shaped confectionery rnade of coconut), Loz-e Bidmeshk (Egyptian willow or almond), Loz-e Pesteh (pistachio), Parhmak (cotton candy), Nan- Berenji (kind of rice candy) and Hajji-Badarn (confectionary containing shelled almond). Confectioners of Yazd are called 'Khalifeh'. These skillful Khatifehs have backed handmade cakes and candies, since 70 years ago.
The population of Yazd is predominantly Persian, most of whom are Shi'a Muslims. There are also small Zoroastrian communities. The city of Yazd’s first mention in historic records predate it back to around 3000 years B.C. when it was related to by the name of Ysatis, and was then part of the domain of Medes, an ancient empire of Iran.
Excavations of Gharbal Biz remaining from the Achaemenid period are another example of the antiquity of Yazd.
Zoroastrians have traditionally been populous in Yazd.
Even now, roughly ten percent of the town's population accoding to some estimates adhere to this ancient religion, and though their Atashkadeh (Fire Temple) was turned into a mosques after the Islamic Conquest of Persia, a dignified new fire temple was inaugurated thirteen hundred years later.
History and historical attractions
In the course of history due to its distance from important capitals and its harsh natural surrounding, Yazd remained immune to major troops' movements and destruction from wars, therefore it kept many of its traditions, city forms and architecture until recent times.
Yazd hails from an ancient history. As an example, Tehran University and Iran's Cultural Heritage Organization have teamed up with France's CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique) to carry out archeological studies in Yazd province as part of a project aiming at preparing archeological plans of the area from the Mesolithic era.
During the invasion of Genghis Khan in the early 13th century, Yazd became a safehaven and home for many artists, intellectuals, and scientists fleeing their war ravaged cities acorss Persia.
Yazd was visited by Marco Polo in 1272, who described it as a good and noble city and remarked its silk production industry. Isolated from any approach by a huge tract of monotonous desert, the vibrancy of Yard often comes as a surprise.
Wind Towers of Yazd
Although more often described as the entrance to a now non-existent bazaar, the chief function of this building known as a Tekyeh, and the square before it, was to host the Ta'ziyeh, a cycle of passion plays commemorating the martyrdom of Husayn ibn Ali, which takes place once a year during the mourning month of Moharram. The site dates from the fifteenth century amid the efforts of its eponymous builder, Amir Jalal Al-Din Chakhmagh, governor of Yazd.
For a brief period, Yazd was the capital of Atabakan and Mozaffarid dynasties. During the Qajar Dynasty (18th Century A.D.) it was ruled by the Bakhtiari Khans.
Amidst the immense surrounding desert, Yazd retains elements of its old religion, traditions, and architecture, which is recognized by UNESCO for its architectural heritage . In 2004, the Majles allocated funds to help restore historical sites in Yazd inorder to nominate Yazd as a Cultural Heritage city by UNESCO.
Masjed-e Jame (Jame Mosque, 14th century)
The word Yazd means feast and worship. The city of Yazd has resisted the modern urbanization changes and has so far maintained its traditional structure. The geographical features of this region have prompted residents to develop special architectural styles. For this reason, in the older part of the city most houses are built of adobe and have domed roofs (gonbad). These materials serve as an excellent insulation preventing heat from passing through.
The existence of special ventilation structures, called Badgirs is a distinctive feature of the architecture of this city (A Badgir is a high structure on the roof under which, in the interior of the building, there is a small pool).
The Jame Mosque (Friday Mosque) crowned by a pair of minarets, the highest in Persia, the portal's facade is decorated from top to bottom in dazzling tile work, predominantly blue in colour. Within is a long arcaded courtyard where, behind a deep-set south-east iwan, is a sanctuary chamber (shabestan). This chamber, under a squat tiled dome, is exquisitely decorated with faience mosaic: its tall faience Mihrab, dated 1365CE, is one of the finest of its kind in existence.
A traditional pigeonhouse in Meybod, Yazd.The Mosque was largely rebuilt between 1324CE and 1365CE, and is one of the outstanding 14th century buildings of Persia.
Being located beside the central mountains, far from the sea, adjacent to the kavir and in the shadow rainy region, Yazd has a climate which mostly resembles dry desert climate. Little rain along with high water evaporation, relatively low dampness, heat and great temperature changes are among the factors making this province, one of the driest parts of Iran. The only moderating climatic factor is elevation and hence, notably that of nearby Shirkuh (4000 meters).
The University of Yazd was established in 1988. It has a noted college of Architecture specializing in traditional Persian Art and Architecture. Yazd and its nearby towns contain the following institutes of higher education:
1 University of Yazd
2 Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services
3 Islamic Azad University of Bafgh
4 Islamic Azad University of Maybod
5 Islamic Azad University of Yazd
6 Yazd Sampad Information Center
Dear friends it was a summary about the provice of yazd . If you need more information about yazd (the places has been written above , the weather , exact information about the monuments , vilages of yazd , the behaviour of people & ...)you can communicate with me by email or phone
Yazdi people are so hospitable You can try it :)
Edited by Masoud...
Edited by: masoud on 10.08.2007 masoud on 13.02.2007 masoud on 02.11.2006 masoud on 24.10.2006 teimoury on 09.10.2006 masoud on 09.10.2006 teimoury on 07.10.2006 masoud on 02.10.2006 masoud on 23.09.2006 herethere on 21.12.2005 teimoury on 08.08.2005